Write an essay discussing the development of the slow movement in the symphony from 1750-1900. You must mention the Haydn set work and a range of other relevant works.
I suggest using the following as a starting point:
- Stamitz Op. 3/2
- Mozart 41
- Haydn 94
- Beethoven 3
- Dvorak 9
- Tchaikovsky 6
You could also mention Berlioz Symphonie Fantastique and Brahms 3 (an Andante like earlier Classical ones)
The first task is to correct and improve your basic A:||B(A’) 24 bars. Please ensure that:
- you have a tempo at the beginning and then dynamic and articulation markings throughout in all parts (see guide)
- your A section has both the modulation AND the secondary dominant
- your B section has a selection of chords over the pedal (see in WCT Fingerprints)
- you have included TWO textures based on the minuet models
- you have followed all the guidelines here
All students must submit this on Tuesday/Wednesday next week in quartet form.
The task following week (but you can start this week if you are ready) is to do one or more of the following extensions:
- orchestrate using small Classical orchestral forces (a 8 combinations). You can go as large as Haydn 104
- add a coda
- write a trio to go alongside it also in binary form
WCT Essay (NEXT Friday)
It must include:
- a structure table (include main keys)
- features including harmony and rhythm
- information and examples that puts it in context in terms of its orchestration
- an introduction to humour in Haydn referring to a couple of other examples.
You have already written the A and A’ sections of a rounded binary minuet – A :||: B (A’) – your task is now to write the B section.
Your B section should use a fragment of your A section (maximum a bar) and follow this harmonic structure:
First it needs to go iii-vi-ii (either one chord per bar or a bit quicker)
THEN the rest should be chord progressions over a dominant pedal that use the fragment you have chosen as the melody idea.
- You can see in the first example on the dominant pedal explanation page that a one-bar idea is repeated over a repeated I6/4 – V chord progression. Part of your dominant pedal could do something similar
- In the second example on the same page Haydn starts off with a repeated idea using a diminished seventh and then moves to a series of rising thirds
For the range of harmonies you can use look here. The ideas on this page you can use as follows:
- part of your pedal can go I6/4 – V from the first example
- you should also use something more interesting such as vii7 of V – V from the second example (each of these dissonant chords much resolve to V or V7)
- you could also use rising thirds or sixths as in the third example
In composition next week you will have feedback for BOTH homeworks so you can put them together in the lesson.
Please make sure that you submit your compositions (Composition 1 on FRIDAY and Composition 2 next Tuesday)
WCT (due next Thursday 16th November)
Please write a 15-mark essay on the following title:
‘Discuss the use of dance and folk influences in the symphony. You should refer to a range of relevant Classical and Romantic works and you must make detailed reference to both set works (Haydn and Mendelssohn)’
You will find development of the symphony notes useful but you will also need to do some of your own research, particularly on general influences on the Minuet and on Haydn in general.
You should write a short introduction then about two thirds of the main body should be on wider listening and the other third on Haydn and Mendelssohn. You should finish with a short conclusion.
Minuet Composition (D group for Tuesday 14th / B group for Wednesday 15th)
D GROUP I AM SORRY I FORGOT TO SAY IT NEEDS TO BE IN 3/4 – please adapt what you have written to put it in 3/4
1) Write a period in a major key following the instructions on writing and CHARACTERFUL basic idea. Please write for string quartet, starting with the melody and chords and then filling in a simple texture.
Note that the consequent phrase needs to end ii-V-I for the next bit to work
2) Rewrite your period but in the consequent phrase the ii-V-I should be in the dominant key and the ii should be preceded by a secondary dominant (i.e. V of ii)
Composition 1 (by the end of Friday)
Make corrections according to feedback and continue with this composition, which needs to be finished by the end of term.
Composition 2 (by the end of Tuesday 7th)
Fill in the attached planner and submit some initial ideas on Sibelius. You have filled in a version of this planner before but many of you have changed your ideas since then, so I am asking for a new one. If you have no substantially changed, you can amend the old one and submit that.
WCT (for Thursday 9th)
Please look at the Mendelssohn Finale Worksheet and do the activity at the top. You can listen to the extracts on the relevant development of the symphony pages (Berlioz and Schubert). You can use your own score of the Mendelssohn but it is also included at the end of the worksheet. The track for the Mendelssohn is on Moodle (and of course Youtube)
Composition Exercise (for the end of TUESDAY 7th November)
You need to submit three orchestrations Haydn’s Minuet Hob. IX: 20 No. 8 (back page of starting points booklet). Each one must replicate as the orchestrations of the following pieces:
- Johann Stamitz Op. 5 in E minor (here)
- Anton Filtz Symphonie Periodique No. 2 (in the Minuet sourcebook)
- Joseph Haydn Symphony 104 (in the Minuet sourcebook)
NOTE: there are Sibelius files ready prepared for each of these arrangements on Moodle under the AoS A: The Western Classical Tradition topic under the Movement III – Menuet and Trio heading in the Minuet Composition Files folder.
The work should be submitted on Moodle in the Composition Sketchbook topic at the bottom of the page.