|1788||W. A. Mozart||Symphony No. 40|
|Instrumentation||Strings, flute, 2 oboes, 2 clarinets, 2 bassoons, 2 horns|
|Movements||I: Allegro molto (g) II: Andante (Eb) III: Menuetto (g) IV: Allegro assai (g)|
|Overview||This is one of only two Mozart symphonies that begin and end in a minor key but its two-note upbeat motif begins what is one of his most famous symphonic works.
Look at a score of this work / Watch on YouTube
|D) 3rd mov. / Minuet||The minuet third movement stays in G minor and is very stormy with the triple-time dance feel disrupted by frequent syncopations and hemiolas. The trio brings brief respite from the stormy mood with an elegant and delicate G major.
Listen to the beginning of the minuet
Listen to the beginning of the trio
|F) Dev. of orchestra||Very independent use of woodwind and brass, with some good examples in the third movement, particularly the trio.|
|I) Melody / theme||Although the melody at the beginning of first movement is constructed from short melodic ideas, the overall effect is of a lyrical (if slightly breathless) melody in which the emphasis is on the broad sweep of each phrase (compare with Haydn 94, in which the melody is a relentless series of repetitions and developments of the motivic ideas with less emphasis on the longer line).
Listen to the opening of the first movement:
|J) Texture||The third movement uses imitation to build up to the cadences at the end of each section of Minuet.|
|K) Rhythm||Hemiolas in the minuet as noted above.|
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