1791 Haydn No. 94

1791 Joseph Haydn Symphony No. 94 in G major ‘Surprise’
Instrumentation Strings, 2 flutes, 2 oboes, bassoon, 2 horns, 2 trumpets, timpani
Movements I: Adagio cantabile – Allegro assai (G) II: Andante  (C) III: Menuetto – Allegro molto (G) IV: Allegro di molto (G)
Overview The slow movement of this symphony is one of Haydn’s more obvious jokes, in which the audience is lulled into a false sense of security and then suddenly shocked by a loud chord. Look at a score of this work.
Essay Points
C) 2nd mov. This is a set of variations, which is a common form for second movements. Haydn also uses humour in this symphony, attempting to make the audience jump with a suddenly loud chord.
D) 3rd mov. / Minuet The tempo marking for this movement suggests that it is faster than the traditional minuet. It is also quite heavily scored and makes use of repeated accents in the second half. The more aggressive writing and the increase speed both point to the move in Haydn (and then Beethoven) towards writing faster Scherzo movements rather than true minuets.