First improve your 16-bar compound period in response to feedback and then run it immediately into your improved tonic filler/noise material. These two exercises now need to be in same file.
If you have time you should start some development sketches. You need to take your lead from Haydn 104, take a fragment of your theme and try selection of the following (several at a time):
- in a closely related (or if you are brave a less closely related) minor key
- sequenced down by step
- circle of fifths
- modulating into a different key
- new texture (perhaps move into the bass etc.)
- imitation/call and response
This will be set on Friday
First Subject Composition Homework (due in Tuesday 16th / Wednesday 17th)
Write a 16-bar theme (ending on I at the beginning of the 17th bar) for orchestra string section (Vl I, II, Vla, Vc, Bass) in the same key, time signature and tempo as your tonic filler homework. It needs to follow the structure of the first subject of the opening movement of Haydn 104 as follows:
- 4-bar theme (include simple, triadic and scalic ideas which will work well for development)
- 4-bar idea that ends on I-V imperfect cadence
- Exact repeat of 4-bar theme
- Adapt bars 5-8 so that they end on a PERFECT cadence (use ii6 or a cadential 6/4 as well). The perfect cadence will land on the beginning of the next bar (bar 17)
The first task is to correct and improve your basic A:||B(A’) 24 bars. Please ensure that:
- you have a tempo at the beginning and then dynamic and articulation markings throughout in all parts (see guide)
- your A section has both the modulation AND the secondary dominant
- your B section has a selection of chords over the pedal (see in WCT Fingerprints)
- you have included TWO textures based on the minuet models
- you have followed all the guidelines here
All students must submit this on Tuesday/Wednesday next week in quartet form.
The task following week (but you can start this week if you are ready) is to do one or more of the following extensions:
- orchestrate using small Classical orchestral forces (a 8 combinations). You can go as large as Haydn 104
- add a coda
- write a trio to go alongside it also in binary form
WCT Essay (NEXT Friday)
It must include:
- a structure table (include main keys)
- features including harmony and rhythm
- information and examples that puts it in context in terms of its orchestration
- an introduction to humour in Haydn referring to a couple of other examples.
You have already written the A and A’ sections of a rounded binary minuet – A :||: B (A’) – your task is now to write the B section.
Your B section should use a fragment of your A section (maximum a bar) and follow this harmonic structure:
First it needs to go iii-vi-ii (either one chord per bar or a bit quicker)
THEN the rest should be chord progressions over a dominant pedal that use the fragment you have chosen as the melody idea.
- You can see in the first example on the dominant pedal explanation page that a one-bar idea is repeated over a repeated I6/4 – V chord progression. Part of your dominant pedal could do something similar
- In the second example on the same page Haydn starts off with a repeated idea using a diminished seventh and then moves to a series of rising thirds
For the range of harmonies you can use look here. The ideas on this page you can use as follows:
- part of your pedal can go I6/4 – V from the first example
- you should also use something more interesting such as vii7 of V – V from the second example (each of these dissonant chords much resolve to V or V7)
- you could also use rising thirds or sixths as in the third example
In composition next week you will have feedback for BOTH homeworks so you can put them together in the lesson.
Composition Exercise (for the end of TUESDAY 7th November)
You need to submit three orchestrations Haydn’s Minuet Hob. IX: 20 No. 8 (back page of starting points booklet). Each one must replicate as the orchestrations of the following pieces:
- Johann Stamitz Op. 5 in E minor (here)
- Anton Filtz Symphonie Periodique No. 2 (in the Minuet sourcebook)
- Joseph Haydn Symphony 104 (in the Minuet sourcebook)
NOTE: there are Sibelius files ready prepared for each of these arrangements on Moodle under the AoS A: The Western Classical Tradition topic under the Movement III – Menuet and Trio heading in the Minuet Composition Files folder.
The work should be submitted on Moodle in the Composition Sketchbook topic at the bottom of the page.
Starting Points HW2 (set Friday for TUESDAY 19th)
Do exercise B2 on the separate sheet of paper provided (Exercise B2). Please carefully note the following:
- All the notes must either be part of chord or if they are dissonances they must be standard embellishments as listed here and they must be labelled
- The second bar should be the same as the first other than any adaptations needed for it to fit with the new harmony
- You must include dynamics and articulation
Starting Points HW1 (set Wed/Thur for hand-in on FRIDAY)
Please complete all the exercises on the first FOUR pages of the starting points booklet (A1-A4). If you are struggling you must come to the workshop on Thursday at 11:25 in the Music Classroom rather than come on Friday having not completed the work.
Exercise A1 – in the second line of this you need to raise the seventh note of the scale (e.g. the G# below the tonic of A in the example completed for you)
Exercise A2 – done in class
Exercise A3 – shuffle the notes round so you get a triad in root position and all the notes as close together in a stack of thirds. Then look at the bottom note an work out which note of the scale it is so you can work out the Roman Numeral (1st note = I, 5th = V etc.)
Exercise A4 – this is slightly different. You need to work out the chord in root position first and the root will tell you the major or minor key – check the key signature to check you are correct.
Twentieth Century Composition Homework (due Friday 14th July)
Choose two of your three ideas (pentatonic, whole-tone and octatonic) and write at least two Rotations in the manner of Debussy’s Nuages.
32-bar song form composition (due Friday 7th July)
Improve and expand your 32-bar song. You can add an introductory (sectional) verse, turn it into a duet, orchestrate it, expand the B or returning A of the AABA itself.
Performance and Composition Planning (Monday 10th July)
Please complete the planners given out in class. The compostion planner is available for download here but if you lose the performance one you will have to ask me for a new one as they are personalized.